The analytical, review and reform processes in social security systems in Latin America have been central to the agenda of different national, regional and international organizations during the last years due to questions in the governments and the concern of the different political and social actors by the impact that these programs have on the population and their impact on the public sphere.
In the framework of the important economic transformations that faced most of the Latin American countries, social security has been adapted in relation to other aspects that do not have the same hierarchy than their main objectives, which are sustained in principles of solidarity and cooperation to face the risks to which men are exposed in their lives and work.
Such reform processes of the social security systems that continue to take place in Latin America, are undertaken in economic, demographic, political, social and technological contexts very different in each one of the countries, for which problems, alternatives for solutions and economic, financial and social efforts are particular to each country.
In the Argentina’s case, the magnitude of the political, economic and social crisis originated since the economic recession in 1998 , had negative effects not only to the Sistema Integrado de Jubilaciones y Pensiones (SIJP) but also to all the social security system. This situation has put in evidence and worsens problems already existing in the system that were not considered relevant before.
In general, the previsional regimes- and decisions made in relation to them- have consequences that are manifested in the present and short and long term future, including an intertemporal and intergenerational trade-off. For this reason, today’s decision makers should count on a complete vision about current and future effects of policies to be implemented. To this end, it is essential to count on support tools that facilitate the consideration of reforms or alternative scenarios as well as the analysis of the variations impact in the variables involved, both, those resulting from political changes and natural transformations.
As a result, the Secretariat of Social Security has developed tools that enable to model, project, evaluate and monitor the Previsional System in the medium and long term. To this end, the National Direction of Economic and Regulative Programming trained their human resources in the design and development of these tools with the collaboration of the Department of Social Security of the International Labor Organization (SECSOC-ILO).